Analysis of The Feasibility of Hydrogen Injection in Pipeline Gas Distribution Networks

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24857/rgsa.v18n9-094

Keywords:

Green Hydrogen, Natural Gas, Distribution Networks, Decarbonization

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study is the development of the basic guidelines for blending green hydrogen with natural gas and transporting it through the gas pipelines of a natural gas distribution company. The characteristics of consumption, legislation and materials used in the company's network were considered. In addition, data from recent research in the area was also selected to support specific actions so that this objective is achieved in a technically sustainable way, respecting technical knowledge and standards available internationally.

 

Method: In this scenario, a study of the feasibility of enriching natural gas distributed by a gas distribution company in the region of the city of Fortaleza with green hydrogen is presented. In addition, data from recent research in the area was also selected to support specific actions so that this objective is achieved in a technically sustainable way, respecting technical knowledge and standards available internationally.

 

Results and Discussion: Based on current legislation and a series of technical references, it is currently recommended to add levels of up to 2% in branches where natural gas is used for vehicular and industrial glass and ceramic applications and can increase up to 3% in other extensions. The maximum concentration may reach 10% in the medium term after detailed fatigue resistance studies or adaptation of pipes with internal polymer jackets.

 

Research Implications: The interest in replacing fossil fuels for decarbonization purposes has motivated research into a series of alternatives, among which hydrogen stands out as a possible vector or energy carrier for high-efficiency systems with oxidation free of carbon emissions. carbon. Introducing renewable hydrogen into natural gas distribution networks stabilizes the demand for production of this gas, in addition to alleviating the costs and risks associated with building a dedicated facility.

 

Originality/Value: This study contributes to the literature related to the study of green Hydrogen. The relevance and value of this research are evidenced by the results obtained.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abbasi, M., Pishvaee, M. S., & Mohseni, S. (2021). Third-generation biofuel supply chain: A comprehensive review and future research directions. Journal of Cleaner Production, 323, 129100.

ANP. (2021). RESOLUÇÃO ANP No 839, DE 1o DE MARÇO DE 2021 - RESOLUÇÃO ANP No 839, DE 1o DE MARÇO DE 2021 - DOU - Imprensa Nacional. https://www.in.gov.br/en/web/dou/-/resolucao-anp-n-839-de-1-de-marco-de-2021-306176665

di Lullo, G., Oni, A. O., & Kumar, A. (2021). Blending blue hydrogen with natural gas for direct consumption: Examining the effect of hydrogen concentration on transportation and well-to-combustion greenhouse gas emissions. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 46(36).

Collins, L. (2022). Blow for green glass | Hydrogen reduces product quality when replacing natural gas, pilot finds. ENERGY TRANSITION,

DIN 51624. (2008). DIN 51624:2008 DE - Kraftstoffe für Kraftfahrzeuge - Erdgas - Anforderungen und Prüfverfahren (Foreign Standard).

Dodds, P. E., & Demoullin, S. (2013). Conversion of the UK gas system to transport hydrogen. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 38(18), 7189–7200.

Dolci, F., Thomas, D., Hilliard, S., Guerra, C. F., Hancke, R., Ito, H., Jegoux, M., Kreeft, G., Leaver, J., Newborough, M., Proost, J., Robinius, M., Weidner, E., Mansilla, C., & Lucchese, P. (2019). Incentives and legal barriers for power-to-hydrogen pathways: An international snapshot. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 44(23), 11394–11401.

Fattouh, B., Economou, A., & Mehdi, A. (2022). OXFORD ENERGY COMMENT Russia-Ukraine crisis: Implications for global oil markets.

Gondal, I. A. (2019). Offshore renewable energy resources and their potential in a green hydrogen supply chain through power-to-gas. Sustainable Energy & Fuels, 3(6), 1468–1489.

Görner, K. (2018). Hydrogen in natural gas: how does it affect industrial end users? https://www.researchgate.net/publication/326199589

Guandalini, G., Colbertaldo, P., & Campanari, S. (2017). Dynamic modeling of natural gas quality within transport pipelines in presence of hydrogen injections. Applied Energy, 185, 1712–1723.

IEA. (2020). Energy Technology Perspectives 2020 – Analysis - IEA. https://www.iea.org/reports/energy-technology-perspectives-2020

Jack, T. A. (2021). Investigation of hydrogen induced cracking susceptibility of API 5L X65 pipeline steels. A Thesis Submitted to the College of Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies In Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements For the Degree of Master of Science In the Department of Mechanical Engineering University of Saskatchewan Saskatoon.

Jones, D. R., Al-Masry, W. A., & Dunnill, C. W. (2018). Hydrogen-enriched natural gas as a domestic fuel: An analysis based on flash-back and blow-off limits for domestic natural gas appliances within the UK. Sustainable Energy and Fuels, 2(4), 710–723.

Kurtz, J., Sprik, S., & Bradley, T. H. (2019). Review of transportation hydrogen infrastructure performance and reliability. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 44(23), 12010–12023.

Kyriakopoulou, H. P., Karmiris-Obratański, P., Tazedakis, A. S., Daniolos, N. M., Dourdounis, E. C., Manolakos, D. E., & Pantelis, D. (2020). Investigation of Hydrogen Embrittlement Susceptibility and Fracture Toughness Drop after in situ Hydrogen Cathodic Charging for an X65 Pipeline Steel. Micromachines 2020, Vol. 11, Page 430, 11(4), 430.

Liu, W., Wan, Y., Xiong, Y., & Gao, P. (2021). Green hydrogen standard in China: Standard and evaluation of low-carbon hydrogen, clean hydrogen, and renewable hydrogen.

Melaina, M. W., Antonia, O., & Penev, M. (2013). Blending Hydrogen into Natural Gas Pipeline Networks: A Review of Key Issues. http://www.osti.gov/bridge

Meng, B., Gu, C. Zhang, L., Zhou, C., Li, X., Zhao, Y., Zheng, J., Chen, X., Han, Y., Hydrogen effects on X80 pipeline steel in high-pressure natural gas/hydrogen mixtures, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Volume 42, Issue 11, 2017.

NBRNM-ISO11439. (2019). Cilindros para gases — Cilindros de alta pressão para o armazenamento de gás natural como combustível a bordo de veículos automotores.

Ogden, J., Myers Jaffe, A., Scheitrum, D., Mcdonald, Z., & Miller, M. (2017). Natural gas as a bridge to hydrogen transportation fuel: Insights from the literature.

Quarton, C. J., & Samsatli, S. (2018). Power-to-gas for injection into the gas grid: What can we learn from real-life projects, economic assessments and systems modelling? Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 98, 302–316.

Quarton, C. J., & Samsatli, S. (2020). Should we inject hydrogen into gas grids? Practicalities and whole-system value chain optimisation. Applied Energy, 275.

Sitepu, E. K., Heimann, K., Raston, C. L., & Zhang, W. (2020). Critical evaluation of process parameters for direct biodiesel production from diverse feedstock. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 123, 109762.

UNECE 110. (1995). Agreement Concerning the Adoption of Uniform Technical Prescriptions for Wheeled Vehicles, Equipment and Parts which can be Fitted and/or be Used on Wheeled Vehicles and the Conditions for Reciprocal Recognition of Approvals Granted on the Basis of these Prescriptions* (Revision 2, including the amendments which entered into force on.

Zhang, S., Li, J., An, T., Zheng, S., Yang, K., Lv, L., Xie, C., Chen, L., & Zhang, L. (2021). Investigating the influence mechanism of hydrogen partial pressure on fracture toughness and fatigue life by in-situ hydrogen permeation. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 46(39), 20621–20629.

Published

2024-05-06

How to Cite

Bueno, A. V., Vilarrasa-García, E., Torres , A. E. B., Oliveira, M. L. M. de, & Andrade, C. F. de. (2024). Analysis of The Feasibility of Hydrogen Injection in Pipeline Gas Distribution Networks. Revista De Gestão Social E Ambiental, 18(9), e06642. https://doi.org/10.24857/rgsa.v18n9-094

Issue

Section

Artigos