How do Porosity, Size and Interconnectivity of Pores Influence The Values of the Archie Equation Exponents in Carbonate and Sandy Rocks?




Sedimentary Rock, Formation Evaluation, Hydrocarbons, Petrophysics, Digital Rock Model


Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the exponents of the Archie equation in order to support the evaluation of hydrocarbon or groundwater reserves through electrical resistivity measurements of subsurface rocks.


Theoretical Framework: The Archie equation describes the relationship between the electrical resistivity of a rock and its water saturation and depends on the cementation (m) and saturation (n) exponents. Several authors state that electrical resistivity and the exponents m and n depend on the size, geometry, and connectivity of the pores.


Method: This article applies the finite element method to simulate the propagation of the electric field in digital rock models and thus evaluate the Archie exponents.


Results and Discussion: Our results indicate that the relationship between these exponents and pore attributes is different for values below or above a threshold. The variables with the greatest influence on m are the porosity of macropores and their interconnectivity, as well as the volumetric fraction of the microporous phase. As for the saturation exponent, the variables with the greatest influence are the porosity of macropores and the interconnectivity of both potentially conductive domains.


Research Implications: The practical and theoretical implications of this research are discussed, providing insights into how the results can be applied or influence practices in the field of underground natural resource assessment. These implications may cover the sectors of hydrocarbon production, groundwater, geo-environmental investigations, and geotechnical studies.


Originality/Value: This study contributes to the literature by presenting an innovative method for determining the exponents of the Archie equation. The relevance and value of this research are evidenced by its high economic impact on the aforementioned sectors and by its applicability anywhere.


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How to Cite

Batista, J. T., Soares, J. A., Sobrinho, A. B. G., & Moraes, N. A. L. de. (2024). How do Porosity, Size and Interconnectivity of Pores Influence The Values of the Archie Equation Exponents in Carbonate and Sandy Rocks?. Revista De Gestão Social E Ambiental, 18(9), e06381.